Academic research should be ground-breaking, novel and innovative. The experience of authoring and reviewing papers has provided me with a number of insights into writing patterns – and specifically clichés to be avoided, including the greatest sin of all.
The MBR Blog
MICRODYN-NADIR, a membrane manufacturing company headquartered in Wiesbaden, Germany, opened a new US-based MBR membrane manufacturing facility in Austin last week. The 27,000-square-foot automated facility will produce BIO-CEL® modules.
Sometimes it’s only by knowing why things work the way they do that it’s possible to make a reasonable judgement on what should be done. Theory and practice will always both be essential, with a free flow of information and knowledge between the two.
The lifespan of a membrane is of key concern in determining operating expenditure (OPEX). Extending the replacement frequency from five to ten years can reduce the overall OPEX by almost 20% for an immersed hollow fibre MBR (Judd, 2017), and more so for a flat sheet system.
What’s the best membrane material for MBRs? If you consider all the products listed in ‘Industrial MBRs’, for example, it turns out that more than half of the 80 products represented in that book are PVDF (polyvinylidene difluoride).