Features - Pre-treatment and post-treatment

MBR Screening Part 1: MBR screen designs and performance – an overview

The importance of screening upstream of a membrane bioreactor remains a key concern for MBR practitioners. Screening protects the membrane from mechanical damage from sharp or abrasive particles and from clogging from hair and matted cotton fibre. While any screen is better than no screen at all, it is critically important to have a properly designed and sized screening system.

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Membrane operation | Pre-treatment and post-treatment

Effects of ferric and ferrous iron addition on membrane bioreactor effluent quality

Municipal wastewater usually contains between 4 and 12 mg/L total phosphorus (TP) concentrations in the range 4−12 mg/L. A conventional activated sludge process (CAS) can take this down to 2−4 mg/L, or 0.5−1 mg/L if an enhanced biological phosphorus removal (BPR) process is used. To achieve the levels required to suppress eutrophication, however, demands P levels of 0.01−0.3 mg/L

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Pre-treatment and post-treatment | Water quality and treatability

Commissioning of large WWTP with flat sheet MBR technology: The Arenales del Sol case

The Arenales del Sol WWTP in Spain combines biological treatment with nutrient removal with a submerged MBR system fitted with flat sheet (FS) ultrafiltration membranes, with an average treatment capacity of 10,000 m3/d (10 MLD). The plant provides high quality treatment to highly variable seasonal sewage inflow due to the nature of this popular coastal region.

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Feasibility, optimisation and costs | Pre-treatment and post-treatment