The MBR Blog

Misc Simon Judd 2

Simon Judd

Professor Simon Judd has over 20 years’ experience in teaching the fundamentals of water and wastewater technologies and is author of The MBR Book, Watermaths, and Industrial MBRs. Contact Simon at

MBR hybrids − ain't broke, don't fix it?

For MBR hybrid technologies to be viable they need to offer a material advantage over the two separate technologies. And, of course, there has to be some sort of application for them in the first place.

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Degritting in MBRs − true grit costs

There’s plenty of tales of the impact of poor screening on downstream unit operations in MBRs. While there is little actual proper research into the performance of screens published in the peer-reviewed literature, there are some useful guidelines produced by practitioners.

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MBR sludge − fouling or clogging?

We’ve spent a few months now here at Qatar University looking at clogging in membrane channels, with our single-channel bench-scale plant. We're taking a few litres of sludge from a nearby MBR and running tests at relatively high flux and slightly diminished air scour rates.

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MBR research trends − the cost of unoriginality

Sharp-eyed readers of this blog may have received the impression that I am not a huge fan of MBR research publications based on fouling. It could be argued that there is far too much effort dedicated to this single area and there is at least some fuel for this particular fire.

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Influent quality − garbage in …?

Many of the challenges faced by MBRs have very little to do with the membrane technology and everything to do with the components or issues around it.  This can include the software, the screens, the maintenance scheduling, the training but also influent flow and quality.

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MABRs (or membrane aeration bioreactors to you and me)

The term 'MABR' was first introduced by Mike Semmens of the University of Minnesota. The large body of research at Cranfield University was actually preceded by a collaborative research programme on MABRs between Tom Stephenson of Cranfield and Semmens in the early 1990s.

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